When you receive the Starbucks imported coffee beans purchased on Double Eleven, scan the QR code on the product packaging, and you will enter a traceability system jointly launched by Ant Blockchain and China Inspection Group. The verification includes the country of origin, departure China, loading port, import port, bonded warehouse and other commodities traceability information, as well as inspection and quarantine declaration number and China Customs declaration number. In this mundane link, the legendary blockchain works silently, and traceability is one of the important applications of the blockchain, which solves the pain points of user trust.
Blockchain is becoming a new outlet, with research and practice all over the world. China has also officially entered the national support level. AI, 5G, and blockchain have become the focus of new infrastructure in 2019. In any case, empowering the real economy is the most important value of new technologies. "The blockchain industry will not make you rich overnight. This requires a lot of science and publicity." Dr. Yu Jianing, former director of the Information Industry Economics Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and current president of Huobi University, reminded the industry to be rational, to love, and Not fanatic. Yu Jianing pointed out that the era of making fast money with blockchain is over, but the era of making big money is coming, and the opportunity lies in more applications in the industry. However, new applications based on blockchain technology involve a new distributed business model, new logic for overall operations, and new industry-related rules, which are quite different and need to be gradually explored for implementation.
As an emerging cutting-edge technology, the application of blockchain in the physical field requires further research and exploration. From the perspective of blockchain expert Liu Wen, this industry is divided into a platform for technology and a scenario for application. The platform side is to strengthen the capacity building of the underlying infrastructure in terms of performance, flexibility, and security. There is not much innovation in technology. A million-level investment can build a platform; the key is the application and scenario. Overcoming core application scenarios and platformizing blockchain services will accelerate the implementation of customized blockchain applications.
Yang Guodong, general manager of the Sinochem Energy Blockchain Application Development Department, told a reporter in an interview that farmers used production materials, education, and medical care as the main points of expenditure. Among them, agricultural machinery in production materials was the big head. To this end, he has developed a financial model for the sale of agricultural machinery in Xinjiang, which reduced the interest rate of farmers' loans from 18 points to 10 points, which drastically reduced the purchase cost of cotton pickers, which eventually led to the drive from Henan to Reduced cotton picking trains in Xinjiang.
"We must create the value that society needs and do a trendy thing." Sinochem Energy Technology Co., Ltd. has been innovating and exploring the application of blockchain + energy. Yang Guodong, who has worked for PricewaterhouseCoopers and U.S. financial companies, pointed out that using the consulting company's rapid learning methodology, referring to foreign cases, and global tools and practices, can create a blockchain application scenario for energy trade. Sinochem Energy completed the country's first crude oil blockchain import trading pilot in December 2017, and the efficiency of crude oil transaction execution has increased by more than half. In March 2018, the blockchain was completed for a ship's gasoline export business from Quanzhou, China to Singapore. The applied export trading pilot has become the world's first energy trade blockchain application project involving government departments, optimizing transaction financing costs by 20% to 30%.
Fan Bin, a partner of IBM Global Business Consulting Services, also believes that the most important role of blockchain technology should return to the real economy, to really help the real economy reduce transaction costs, improve efficiency, and create a credible business environment. At present, IBM Financing Company and more than 4,000 partners settle $ 44 billion in cash annually and process 2.9 million invoices. Through blockchain technology, it can save $ 100 million in annual liquidity.
According to industry insiders, the blockchain itself has the characteristics of decentralization, deintermediation, transparent information, immutability and security. According to the technical architecture, it can be deconstructed into three major branches: public chain, private chain and alliance chain. The public chain is open to everyone, and nodes can join at will; the private chain is only open to individual entities, such as within the company; the alliance chain is open to a specific organization.
In Yang Guodong's view, the public chain is an ecological model for Apple and Google to make money in the App Store; Sinochem Energy and other large companies form an alliance chain, where institutions on the chain are interested in commodities and recognize that technology can change energy Trade, hoping to optimize the industry. However, the alliance chain cooperation is best bundled together in the form of joint ventures or foundations to form a community of destiny. "Focus on the crude oil scene of trading and trade to create an ecological application and create another system opportunity; high-speed rail is a platform that creates physical rails, and blockchain + energy is also a platform that allows trade to turn on it. This That is-cryptographic secure computing applications that are long on the blockchain. From blockchain technology + blockchain applications in the energy trading industry, constitute new infrastructure and build new facilities. At present, foreign energy and chemical industries already have Vakt, Komgo, OOC's three alliance chains hope that we will build one that belongs to China. "
On the other hand, in addition to the basic functions of anti-counterfeiting query and consumer feedback, the traceability application of blockchain technology can also obtain product information such as brand, origin, selling point introduction, enterprise information such as enterprise qualification, security certification, import registration certificate, entry Cargo inspection and quarantine certificate, customs declaration form and other retroactive information. This information will be displayed naturally in the form of text, pictures and even videos on mobile phones under 5G or 4G networks, impacting your vision. To a certain extent, this can even be used as a marketing tool. In the complicated offline market of SKUs, scanning the code can be trusted, simple and straightforward.
"Now blockchain applications are mostly used for credit information, traceability, and currency issuance, but the good and bad of the previous coin issuance has caused people to criticize. In fact, the digital currency started was similar to the original gray website in the Internet era before. Such applications have achieved rapid popularity. Later, with various industry applications, the Internet + was truly realized. Like the blockchain +, the key is how to find an entry point and a breakthrough point to get everyone together. "Liu Wentan said honestly.
And this is exactly what Yang Guodong is doing. He is considering how to launch other energy companies so that everyone can come up this chain.
The idea of Yu Jianing is to conduct lectures around the country in the next year to let different industries and different institutions work together on the application of blockchain.
How to improve the technology, find application scenarios, and solve problems such as implementation, and promote the standardized development of the blockchain technology and the energy and chemical industry has become a realistic topic worthy of discussion. Everything is on the way.
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